Visaya and asraya are two very significant words relating to the reciprocation between Krsna and His devotee. The devotee is called the asraya, and his beloved, Krsna, is the visaya. Different ingredients are involved in the exchange of love between the asraya and visaya, which are known as
- sattvika and
- Alambana -
- Asraya – Devotee/Radharani (Shelter)
- Visaya – Krsna(Object)
Note:In the loving affairs of Radha and Krsna, Radharani is the asraya feature and Krsna the visaya
- Uddipana – (Stimuli)
- Uddipana is induced by:
- Krsna’s transcendental qualities,
- His activities,
- His beautiful smiling face and
- the aroma of His body,
- the sound of His flute,
- the sound of His conchshell,
- the marks on the bottoms of His feet,
- His dwelling place and
- His paraphernalia of devotional service (such as tulasi leaves, devotees, ceremonial performances and Ekadasi)
TLC 14-1975: The Ecstasy of the Lord and His Devotees
“The cause bringing about the tasting of love for Krsna is called vibhava. Vibhava is divided into two categories-alambana (support) and uddipana (awakening).”
“That which causes love for Krsna to appear is called vibhava. That has two divisions-alambana [in which love appears] and uddipana [by which love appears].”
“The object of love is Krsna, and the container of that love is the devotee of Krsna. Both of them are called by the learned scholars alambana — the foundations.
- The sweet sound of the flute;
- the sound of the srngi horn;
- Krsna’s smiling glance;
- hearing of Krsna’s wonderful qualities;
- the lotus flower;
- the impressions of Krsna’s lotus feet;
- fresh dark blue rain-clouds; and
- Krsna’s enchanting bodily fragrance
“Those servants whose hearts are always immersed in affectionate service to Krsna are anugata-dasa. They are of two categories: those who reside in Vraja-dhama and those reside in Dvaraka-puri.
Krsna is the object
Shelter in Gokula daya rasa – In the dasya-rasa one follows in the footsteps of servants - specific services entrusted to the anugas are varied:
- Raktaka- Considered to be the chief He wears yellow clothing, and his bodily color is just like newly grown grass. He is very expert in singing and is always engaged in the service of the son of Maharaja Nanda
- Rasala -prepares the betel nuts
- Bakula-cleanse the yellowish dress of Krsna
- Varika - flavor the bathing water with aguru scent
They are direct servants of Krsna who are the embodiments of service in the mellow of servitude
Shelter in Dvaraka daya rasa – Those who are constantly engaged in the personal service of the Lord are called anugas, or followers.
- Sucandra - fanning with the white camara bunch of hair
- Mandana-always bears the umbrella over the head of Lord Krsna
- Sutamba - engaged in supplying betel nuts
Vaikuntha – Hanuman
Material world – Hanuman
Bhakti vinod Tahkura says Raganuga devotees of different rasas, spiritual tastes, try to follow in the footsteps of the eternal associates (ragatmika bhaktas) by emulating their devotional sentiments (bhavas) and service.
Raktaka is classified among the dhurya, or those who are always attached to serving the most beloved gopis
Three types of parisada dasa (eternally perfect associate)
- dhurya -topmost direct servant
- dhira - steadfast servant sheltered by Krsna’s beloveds such as Satyabhama
- vira - sheltered servant thus proudly unconcerned about others
- Upananda, and
- Bhadra, etc., are parisada dasa.
Although they often offer advice and counsel, they also render other appropriate services according to time and circumstance.
- Pariksit Maharaja, and
- Vidura are also parisada dasa.
Uddhava is the best amongst all the beloved parisada-dasa of Krsna.”
An asrita-dasa has the mood of having taken complete shelter of his Lord and is always ready to fully execute his Master’s orders
Asrita dasa are also of three types:
- nitya-siddha, eternally liberated;
- siddha, having attained perfection; and
- sadhaka, a practitioner aspiring for perfection.
“The asrita dasa are of three kinds:
- saranagata, surrendered;
- jnani enlightened;
- seva-nistha fixed in service.
Kaliya-naga and the kings who were imprisoned by Jarasandha are examples of saranagata dasa.
The rsis headed by Saunaka discarded their aspiration for mukti and took devotional shelter of the Supreme Lord, Sri Hari; thus, they are jnana-nistha-dasa, enlightened servitors.
Attached and dedicated from the very beginning to bhagavad-bhajana, Candradhvaja, Harihara, Bahulasva, Iksvaku, and Pundarika are seva-nistha dasa, servitors absorbed in service.
Adhikrta-dasa indicates that the servitor is qualified for a particular service to the Lord by always considering himself the property of his master; this servitor always indulges his master and maintains a meek and humble disposition before his Lord.
Examples of the adhikrta-dasa
- “Lord Brahma,
- Lord Siva,
- the devas and
are adhikrta dasas and dasis. Having earned the qualification for positions of authority in the administration of the material cosmos, they serve the Supreme Lord in that capacity.”
Four kinds of dasa they are:
- adhikrta-dasa, qualified servants;
- asrita-dasa, sheltered servants;
- parisada-dasa, constant trustworthy companions;
- anugata-dasa, obedient followers.